Tuesday, April 4, 2017

Objectives of EIA

Objectives of EIA:
EIA is a process that envisions several objectives which are  described below:
  • EIA facilitates decision making: EIA provides a systematic systematic investigation of the environmental implications of a proposed project alongwith the suggested alternatives before a decision is taken. The decision along with documents related to the planned activity is called Environmental Impact Statement.
  • EIA helps in development: EIA provides a framework for considering location, design and environmental issues together. It helps formulate actions along with indicatons where the project can be modified to eliminate or minimize the adverse effect on the environment. By considering environmental impacts at an early stage in the development activity helps to develop an area in an environmentally sensitive manner. EIA helps improve relations between developer, the planning authority and the local communities.
  • An EIA is an instrument for sustainable development: Sustainble development mainly includes
    • Maintenance of overall quality of life (QOL)
    • Maintainance of continuing access to natural resources.
    • Avoidance of extended environmental consequences.
 An EIA can:
  • modify and improve design
  • ensure efficient resource use
  • enhance social aspects
  • identify key impacts and measures for mitigating them
  • inform decision-making and condition-setting
  • avoid serious and irreversible damage to the environment
  • protect human health and safety

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